Evaluation of stonematrix asphalt mixtures containing. Contrary to this, stone matrix asphalt sma is a structural layer and has all the advantages of surfacing layer. Because the aggregates are all in contact, rut resistance relies on aggregate properties rather than asphalt binder properties. The time is right for a comprehensive resource that collects, examines, and organizes this information and makes it easily accessible. Evaluation of stonematrix asphalt mixtures containing recycled. Stone matrix asphalt sma is a gapgraded asphalt pavement designed to improve rut resistance and durability through the use of a stable stone on stone skeleton held together by a rich mixture of asphalt cement, along with stabilizing agents such as fibers and or asphalt modifiers. Stone matrix asphalt sma is a gapgraded hma figure 1 that is designed to maximize deformation rutting resistance and durability by using a structural basis of stone on stone contact figures 26.
North dakota asphalt conference april 2, 20 bismarck, nd. Pdf performance evaluation of stone matrix asphalt sma. Pdf use of stone matrix asphalt in perpetual pavement. The techniques used in germany for the design of sma mixtures are not greatly different from those used in the united states for designing hot mix asphaltic concrete mixtures. For the reasons of economic and environmental sustainability, it should gain acceptability in india too. Krzysztof blazejowski a comprehensive introduction, this book presents the history, materials, requirements, properties, and applications of stone matrix asphalt sma.
Management practices for hot mix asphalt with high reclaimed asphalt pavement. Explore stone mastic asphalt with free download of seminar report and ppt in pdf and doc format. Performance evaluation of stone matrix asphalt using indonesian natural rock asphalt as. For more than two decades, stone matrix asphalt sma, called stone mastic asphalt in europe, has been taking over the global asphalt paving market at a remarkably high speed. It provides a deformationresistant, durable surfacing material, suitable for heavily trafficked roads. Meanwhile, over the course of work on the publication, it turned out that the quantity of accessible materials on sma was really spectacular, and the range of smarelated subjects was enormous. Stone matrix asphalt sma is a gapgraded bituminous mixture which can be used in surface layer of high volume pavements. In germany this mixture is called stone mastic asphalt. Feb 09, 2016 matrix is real 2015 videos of simulation theory and the matrix truth. Stone mastic asphalt sma, also called stone matrix asphalt, was developed in germany in the 1960s with the first sma pavements being placed in 1968 near kiel.
Contents listoffigures xv listoftables xxv foreword xxix acknowledgments xxxi author xxxi some wordsonterminology xxxv chapter1 theconcept ofstone matrix asphalt 1 1. It is made up of a mixture of crushed coarse and fine aggregates, mineral filler, asphalt cement and a stabilizer for the binder, such as polymer or fibres. Highway agencies have been using increasing amounts of reclaimed and recycled materials over the past number of years, as asphalt prices have continued to rise. Construct a pavement layer composed of a compacted stonematrix asphalt sma or stonematrix asphalt rubber smar mixture of aggregate, asphalt binder, and additives mixed hot in a mixing plant.
The problem is that the theory behind this statement is fairly shallow. Aashto r 4608, standard practice for designing stone matrix asphalt. Performance evaluation of stone matrix asphalt using indonesian. Stone mastic asphalt seminar report, ppt, pdf for civil. There must be a proper stone to stone contact between the coarse aggregates of sma, and hence aggregate gradation. It is composed of a strong aggregate skeleton, and a binder mastic composed of a high asphalt cement content, a cellulose or mineral fiber and high percentage of mineral filler. Keywords stone matrix asphalt stonetostone contact drain down aggregate gradation nominal maximum aggregate size 1 introduction stone matrix asphalt sma is a gapgraded hma developed in germany in the 1960s, to resist the wear and tear on pavements caused by studded tyres. Stone matrix asphalt sma is a tough, stable, rutresistant mixture that relies on stone on stone contact to provide strength and a rich mortar binder to provide durability 1. Laboratory performance of stone matrix asphalt mixtures with. Also explore the seminar topics paper on stone mastic asphalt with abstract or synopsis, documentation on advantages and disadvantages, base paper presentation slides for ieee final year civil engineering ce or ieee civil construction btech, be, mtech students for the year 2015 2016.
Aashto r 4608, standard practice for designing stone matrix asphalt sma aashto t30199, elastic recovery test of bituminous material by means of a ductilometer aashto t30599, determination of draindown characteristics in uncompacted asphalt mixtures astm d204209, standard test method for solubility of asphalt materials in trichloroethylene. Stone matrix asphalt sma is a tough, stable, rutresistant mixture that relies on stoneonstone contact to provide strength and a rich mortar binder to provide durability 1. Matrix is real 2015 videos of simulation theory and the matrix truth. Stone mastic asphalt sma is widely used throughout the world as one of the preferred. Asphalt rubber applications asphalt rubber is the process of adding recycled, crumb rubber to hot mix asphalt called dry process or the asphalt binder called wet process to modify the final mixture difficult to use in densegraded mixtures due to residual crumb rubber best used in gapgraded type mixtures sma and ogfc. Conference on stone matrix asphalt thank you to everyone who attended and participated in the conference. Stone matrix asphalt is a coarse graded rut resistant engineered hot mix asphalt surface layer.
Pdf the importance of stone mastic asphalt in construction. Certified that this thesis entitled influence of additives on the characteristics of stone matrix asphalt, submitted to cochin university of science and technology, kochi for the award of degree of doctor of philosophy, under the faculty of engineering, is the bonafide research carried out by smt. Furnish uncontaminated materials of uniform quality that meet the requirements of the. A few years ago, at the beginning of the work on this book about sma, i did not suppose it would take on such imposing proportions. Stone matrix asphalt theory and practice stone matrix asphalt theory and practice krzysztof blazejowskiboca raton l. Performance evaluation of stone matrix asphalt sma using low cost fibres article pdf available july 20 with 1,159 reads how we measure reads. Haddock introduction stone matrix asphalt sma is a type of hot mix asphalt hma that has been used in europe for over 20 years to resist studded tire wear and to provide better rutting resistance. Stone matrix asphalt pavement is hot mix asphalt consisting of two parts a coarse aggregate skeleton and a binder rich mortar. Pdf evaluation of stone matrix asphalt sma for airfield. Theory and practice describes sma, from its origin through implementation, and explores various methods and. Stone matrix asphalt yang menggunakan bahan pengikat aspal pen 60 s. Stone matrix asphalt sma was developed in germany over 30 years ago. Kassimali, matrix analysis of structures, 2nd ed, 2011 blazejowski k.
The mixture has higher concentrations of coarse aggregates, providing strength and rut resistance to the mixture, and higher asphalt content giving durability. Design of perpetual pavement long lasting pavement is something which is gaining importance with the increasing traffic demands worldwide. Conference on stonematrix asphalt asphalt pavement. One type of road pavement material which is developed to be more resistant to permanent deformation is the sma stone matrix asphalt. Effects of temperature in mechanical properties of stone mastic asphalt sma mixture with waste polyethylene terephthalate pet conference paper pdf available may 2015 with 547 reads. Theory and practice in the years since the development and subsequent success of stone matrix asphalt sma. A compilation and distillation of the latest knowledge available, stone matrix asphalt. Its fastgrowing popularity has been surprising to many people. The sma stone matrix asphalt mixture is a gapgraded mix.
Mar 19, 2016 the time is right for a comprehensive resource that collects, examines, and organizes this information and makes it easily accessible. Blazejowski, k stone matrix asphalt theory and practice. These objectives are usually achieved with a gapgraded aggregate coupled with fiber or polymer modified, and high asphalt content matrix 1. Construct a hotmix asphalt hma pavement layer composed of a compacted stone matrix asphalt sma or stone matrix asphalt rubber smar mixture of aggregate, asphalt binder, and additives mixed hot in a mixing plant. Pdf effects of temperature in mechanical properties of. Now that the sma mixtures have been exposed to a significant amount of traffic and several years of. The theory is that the coarse aggregate in the dryrodded condition, without any fine aggregate. The technology of asphalt materials and mixtures is discovered and mostly used in europe and north america. It provides a deformation resistant, durable surfacing material. Promotion of bitumenimpregnated cellulose fibres from.1273 743 1223 1544 723 1132 939 1255 241 149 814 1224 1294 957 1319 196 1072 1400 1314 1332 1108 1419 769 1146 548 1455 339 1107 39 502 998 384 1179 539